Vol. 16 (2023): XVI International Symposium Contemporary Issues of Literary Criticism Socialist Realism in Literature and Art
Socialist Realism and Soviet Discourse

„My Companion“ Maxim Gorky. „We, Different and Alien“

Lia (Liana) Basheleishvili
Shota Rustaveli Institute of Georgian Literature

Published 2023-12-11


  • my companion,
  • we,
  • different,
  • alien


Maxim Gorky turned socialist realism into an official term in 1934, voicing it at the first congress of the USSR Writers' Union. Maxim Gorky tried to "transform realism, if you will, critical realism by ridiculing and condemning Christianity. The idea of class struggle and And by destroying the class enemy, Maxim Gorky first of all began to confront himself and his creativity."

In the Union of Socialist Soviets, the pioneer boys are already learning to understand and understand the hideously obvious truth: the civilization and culture of the bourgeoisie is based on the continuous brutal struggle of the minority – the well –fed "neighbors" – against the vast majority – the hungry "neighbors". It is absolutely impossible to "love your neighbor" when it is necessary to rob him, and if he resists robbery – to kill."

He preaches completely different ideas in his story "My Companion", which was written before the revolution and its genre resembles the Christian ascetic literature of "walking" – pilgrimism. The writer tells about his walking and wandering. He accidentally met a young Georgian prince Shakro Ptadze in Odessa, who became his companion. Shakro and the generalized image of satellites. What literary methods does the "Christ-loving" and "humane" author – walker use to create an image of "other" and "alien", whose name, according to the writer, is legion.