Vol. 16 (2023): XVI International Symposium Contemporary Issues of Literary Criticism Socialist Realism in Literature and Art
Socialist Realism and Soviet Discourse

From "Ascension to the Pedestal" to Ideological Hunting

Maria Filina
Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University

Published 2023-12-11


  • Boris Pasternak,
  • socialist realism,
  • ideological hunting,
  • „literary generals“


Pasternak realized the line of authorities for total control over creativity early, and his attitude was clearly demonstrated by the example of his friends – Georgian poets. He not only felt the deeper realities of many people's lives, but also, as it turns out, he predicted the course of events.

After the death of friends, primarily T. Tabidze and P. Yashvili, Pasternak forever withdrew from participation in official literary life. This confrontation ended with one of the most famous scandals associated with the awarding of the Nobel Prize to him.

This is the result of Pasternak's relationship with the authorities – the exclusion from the Writers' Union of the USSR. The attempt to include the great poet in socialist realism is one of the most striking examples of the failure of the Jesuit game of Soviet power, unprecedented in scale.