Vol. 16 (2023): XVI International Symposium Contemporary Issues of Literary Criticism Socialist Realism in Literature and Art
Criticism and Journalism of the Period of Socialist Realism

Critical Reflection of the Soviet Discourse in the Magazine „Mnatobi“ (1930s)

Nestan Kutivadze
Akaki Tsereteli State University

Published 2023-12-11


  • Soviet ideology,
  • literary canon,
  • literary criticism


As a result of Russia’s annexation and occupation in 1921, Georgia lost its 3-year independence, and in 1922 it became part of the Soviet Union. Bolshevization of the country began and it encompassed absolutely all aspects of social life. The cultural sphere was also subordinated to the state policy and communist ideology. The above-mentioned specificity of the management of the literary process by the Soviet authorities is thoroughly demonstrated by periodicals showing facts and events as well as reflections on them. In this regard, the magazine “Mnatobi” (Beacon) should be singled out. The issues of “Mnatobi” published in the 1930s clearly show the violent character of the Soviet ideological machine, the anti-human nature of Bolshevization, the falsity and utopianism of the worldview artificially forced on literature.